1997-1998 Ford/ Lincoln Mark VIII, Beginning with the 1996 Mustang and 1997 passenger cars, Ford began installing Passive Anti-Theft Systems (PATS) in their ECMs. Short of installing all the components and sensors from the donor vehicle, the only way to defeat PATS is by reflashing the ECM to completely remove it. We can perform this for you. During the reflashing process, we can set up your ECM for aftermarket fuel pumps and disable certain emission sensors if your local smog laws permit. These 4.6's are coil on plug (COP). The 4R70W, 4R100W and manual transmissions were used behind this engine. Other non-computer controlled transmissions can be used as well. Please call for more details.